Health Library Explorer
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A-Z Listings Contact Us

Albuterol inhalation aerosol

What is this medicine?

ALBUTEROL (al BYOO ter ole) is a bronchodilator. It treats bronchospasm. Bronchospasm is when you have trouble breathing and make loud or whistling sounds when you breathe. This drug opens the airways in the lungs so it is easier to breathe.

How should I use this medicine?

This medicine is for inhalation through the mouth. Follow the directions on your prescription label. Take your medicine at regular intervals. Do not use more often than directed. Make sure that you are using your inhaler correctly. Ask your doctor or health care provider if you have any questions.

Talk to your pediatrician regarding the use of this medicine in children. While this drug may be prescribed for children as young as 4 years for selected conditions, precautions do apply.

What side effects may I notice from receiving this medicine?

Side effects that you should report to your doctor or health care professional as soon as possible:

  • allergic reactions (skin rash, itching or hives; swelling of the face, lips, or tongue)

  • fever

  • heartbeat rhythm changes (trouble breathing; chest pain; dizziness; fast, irregular heartbeat; feeling faint or lightheaded, falls)

  • increase in blood pressure

  • muscle cramps, pain

  • muscle weakness

  • pain, tingling, numbness in the hands or feet

  • vomiting

Side effects that usually do not require medical attention (report to your doctor or health care professional if they continue or are bothersome):

  • change in taste

  • cough

  • dry mouth

  • headache

  • nasal congestion (runny or stuffy nose)

  • sore throat

  • tremors

  • trouble sleeping

  • upset stomach

What may interact with this medicine?

  • anti-infectives like chloroquine and pentamidine

  • caffeine

  • cisapride

  • diuretics

  • medicines for colds

  • medicines for depression or for emotional or psychotic conditions

  • medicines for weight loss including some herbal products

  • methadone

  • some antibiotics like clarithromycin, erythromycin, levofloxacin, and linezolid

  • some heart medicines

  • steroid hormones like dexamethasone, cortisone, hydrocortisone

  • theophylline

  • thyroid hormones

What if I miss a dose?

If you miss a dose, use it as soon as you can. If it is almost time for your next dose, use only that dose. Do not use double or extra doses.

Where should I keep my medicine?

Keep out of the reach of children.

Store Proventil HFA and ProAir HFA at room temperature between 15 and 25 degrees C (59 and 77 degrees F). Store Ventolin HFA at room temperature between 20 and 25 degrees C (68 and 77 degrees F); it may be stored between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) on occasion. The contents are under pressure and may burst when exposed to heat or flame. Do not freeze. This medicine does not work as well if it is too cold. Throw away the inhaler when the dose counter displays "0" or after the expiration date on the package, whichever comes first. Ventolin HFA should be thrown away 12 months after removing it from the foil pouch.

What should I tell my health care provider before I take this medicine?

They need to know if you have any of the following conditions:

  • diabetes (high blood sugar)

  • heart disease

  • high blood pressure

  • irregular heartbeat or rhythm

  • pheochromocytoma

  • seizures

  • thyroid disease

  • an unusual or allergic reaction to albuterol, levalbuterol, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives

  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant

  • breast-feeding

What should I watch for while using this medicine?

Visit your health care provider for regular checks on your progress. Tell your health care provider if your symptoms do not start to get better or if they get worse.

If your symptoms get worse or if you are using this drug more than normal, call your health care provider right away.

Do not treat yourself for coughs, colds or allergies without asking your health care provider for advice. Some nonprescription medicines can affect this one.

You and your health care provider should develop an Asthma Action Plan that is just for you. Be sure to know what to do if you are in the yellow (asthma is getting worse) or red (medical alert) zones.

Your mouth may get dry. Chewing sugarless gum or sucking hard candy and drinking plenty of water may help. Contact your health care provider if the problem does not go away or is severe.

NOTE:This sheet is a summary. It may not cover all possible information. If you have questions about this medicine, talk to your doctor, pharmacist, or health care provider. Copyright© 2021 Elsevier